Submit The drinking age should be 18 At the age of 18, you gain all the rights and responsibilities of an adult. However, you are not able to take a sip of alcohol. At 18 you are a full-fledged member of society, and should be entitled to all the privileges of an American citizen, including the purchase and consumption of alcohol.
Engs, Professor, Applied Health Sciences, The legal drinking age should be lowered to about 18 or 19 and young adults allowed to drink in controlled environments such as restaurants, taverns, pubs and official school and university functions.
In these situations responsible drinking could be taught through role modeling and educational programs. Mature and sensible drinking behavior would be expected.
This opinion is based upon reaserch that I have been involved in for over twenty years concerning college age youth and the history of drinking in the United States and other cultures. Although the legal purchase age is 21 years of age, a majority of college students under this age consume alcohol but in an irresponsible manner.
This is because drinking by these youth is seen as an enticing "forbidden fruit," a "badge of rebellion against authority" and a symbol of "adulthood. This was during National Prohibition in the s and state prohibition during the s. These laws were finally repealed because they were unenforceable and because the backlash towards them caused other social problems.
Today we are repeating history and making the same mistakes that occurred in the past. Prohibition did not work then and prohibition for young people under the age of 21 is not working now.
The flaunting of the current laws is readily seen among university students. Those under the age of 21 are more likely to be heavy -- sometimes called "binge" -- drinkers consuming over 5 drinks at least once a week.
Research from the early s until the present has shown a continuous decrease in drinking and driving related variables which has parallel the nation's, and also university students, decrease in per capita consumption. However, these declines started in before the national law which mandated states to have 21 year old alcohol purchase laws.
The decrease in drinking and driving problems are the result of many factors and not just the rise in purchase age or the decreased per capita consumption. While there has been a decrease in per capita consumption and motor vehicle crashes, unfortunately, during this same time period there has been an INCREASE in other problems related to heavy and irresponsible drinking among college age youth.
Significant increase were also found for other variables: All of these behaviors are indices of irresponsible drinking. This increase in abusive drinking behavior is due to "underground drinking" outside of adult supervision in student rooms and apartments were same age individuals congregate and because of lack of knowledge of responsible drinking behaviors.
Based upon the fact that our current prohibition laws are not working, the need for alternative approaches from the experience of other, and more ancient cultures, who do not have these problems need to be tried. Groups such as Italians, Greeks, Chinese and Jews, who have few drinking related problems, tend to share some common characteristics.
Alcohol is neither seen as a poison or a magic potent, there is little or no social pressure to drink, irresponsible behavior is never tolerated, young people learn at home from their parents and from other adults how to handle alcohol in a responsible manner, there is societal consensus on what constitutes responsible drinking.
Because the the 21 year old drinking age law is not working, and is counterproductive, it behooves us as a nation to change our current prohibition law and to teach responsible drinking techniques for those who chose to consume alcoholic beverages.
Citation for this opinion articles is now found on http: Note to students doing reports:The legal drinking age should be lowered to about 18 or 19 and young adults allowed to drink in controlled environments such as restaurants, taverns, pubs and official school and university functions.
The National Minimum Drinking Age Act of helped raise the minimum drinking age from 18 to 21 in all fifty states.
State and local governments are responsible for enforcing the Act. Vile, John R. Encyclopedia of the Fourth Amendment. When it comes to the legal drinking age being 21 there are valid arguments in favor of it while others favor lowering the drinking age to Legal drinking age varies by country.
Lets see some of the reasons as to why some think the legal drinking age in US should be 18 and not Alcohol is consumed around the world and the United States, along with a few other countries continue to keep the drinking age at It could be inferred, if the government did lower the drinking age to 18, that the number of deaths would increase.
Since we have not lowered the drinking age to 18 years old, we do not know what . The legal age of 21 in the US has been in force since the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of The organization Mothers Against Drunk Driving have sharply oppose d the lowering, given that some 25, deaths were avoided after the age was raised to After all states adopted an age 21 MLDA, drinking during the previous month among persons aged 18 to 20 years declined from 59% in to 40% in 7 Drinking among people aged 21 to 25 also declined significantly when states adopted the age 21 MLDA, .