Nat Turner launches a bloody uprising among enslaved Virginians in Southampton County. Stewart is one of the first black American female political activists to establish the tradition of political activism and freedom struggle among black women. She calls upon black women to take up what would become pioneering work as teachers, school founders, and education innovators. For the next three decades, the Society campaigns that slavery is illegal under natural law, and sees the Constitution "a covenant with hell.
Benjamin Mays, an influential theologian and outspoken advocate for racial equality. After graduating inKing entered Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvaniawhere he earned a Bachelor of Divinity degree, won a prestigious fellowship and was elected president of his predominantly white senior class.
King then enrolled in a graduate program at Boston Universitycompleting his coursework in and earning a doctorate in systematic theology two years later.
They had four children: Montgomery Bus Boycott The King family had been living in Montgomery for less than a year when the highly segregated city became the epicenter of the burgeoning struggle for civil rights in America, galvanized by the landmark Brown v.
Board of Education decision of Activists coordinated a bus boycott that would continue for days, placing a severe economic strain on the public transit system and downtown business owners.
They chose Martin Luther King, Jr. By the time the Supreme Court ruled segregated seating on public buses unconstitutional in NovemberKing—heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and the activist Bayard Rustin —had entered the national spotlight as an inspirational proponent of organized, nonviolent resistance.
King had also become a target for white supremacists, who firebombed his family home that January. Letter from Birmingham Jail In King and his family moved to Atlanta, his native city, where he joined his father as co-pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church.
This new position did not stop King and his SCLC colleagues from becoming key players in many of the most significant civil rights battles of the s.
Held on August 28 and attended by sometoparticipants, the event is widely regarded as a watershed moment in the history of the American civil rights movement and a factor in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of Captured on television, the brutal scene outraged many Americans and inspired supporters from across the country to gather in Alabama and take part in the Selma to Montgomery march led by King and supported by President Lyndon B.
Johnsonwho sent in federal troops to keep the peace. Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. As more militant black leaders such as Stokely Carmichael rose to prominence, King broadened the scope of his activism to address issues such as the Vietnam War and poverty among Americans of all races.
On the evening of April 4,Martin Luther King was assassinated. In the wake of his death, a wave of riots swept major cities across the country, while President Johnson declared a national day of mourning.
James Earl Rayan escaped convict and known racist, pleaded guilty to the murder and was sentenced to 99 years in prison.
He later recanted his confession and gained some unlikely advocates, including members of the King family, before his death in Martin Luther King Jr. Facts. Martin Luther King Jr.
was born in in Atlanta, Georgia. King, a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, had a seismic impact on race relations in the United. Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was an African-American clergyman who advocated social change through non-violent means.
A powerful speaker and a man of great spiritual strength, he shaped the American civil rights movement of the s and s.
Protesters march down Broad Street in Albany during the Albany Movement, one of the largest civil rights campaigns in Georgia. From to black residents protested the .
Civil Rights Act of Signed into Law (July) For preceding events see: Civil Rights Bill Passes in the House Civil Rights Bill — Battle in the Senate. Martin Luther King, Jr.
It wasn't just that Martin Luther King became the leader of the civil rights movement that made him so extraordinary—it was the way in which he led the movement.
The American civil rights movement came to a head under the Johnson administration. Many had seen the March on Washington in August as the apotheosis of the nonviolent struggle for civil rights.