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Abstract Background Although research focused on African Americans with mental illness has been increasing, few researchers have addressed gender and age differences in beliefs, attitudes, and coping.
Method An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design was used.
Participants were community-dwelling African Americans aged years. Data analysis included descriptive statistics and general linear regression models.
Results Depression was the most common mental illness and there were no gender differences in prevalence. Both men and women believed they knew some of the symptoms and causal factors of mental illness.
Their attitudes suggested they are not very open to acknowledging psychological problems, are very concerned about stigma associated with mental illness, and are somewhat open to seeking mental health services, but they prefer religious coping. Significant gender and age differences were evident in attitudes and preferred coping.
Discussion Our findings have implications for gender and age-specific psychoeducation interventions and future research. For instance, psychoeducation or community awareness programs designed to increase openness to psychological problems and reducing stigma are needed. Also, exploration of partnerships between faith-based organizations and mental health services could be helpful to African Americans.
African Americans, mental illness, beliefs, coping behaviors An estimated Although mental illness appears across race, ethnicity, and gender, some groups appear to experience a higher burden associated with mental illness Williams et al. Compared to Caucasians, mentally ill African Americans have more chronic disease, higher levels of disability, higher rates of inpatient service use, lower rates of outpatient mental health service use, and more barriers to seeking mental health treatment Snowden, ; U.
Although research focused on African Americans with mental illness has been increasing, few researchers have addressed gender and age differences in beliefs, attitudes, and coping.
Disregarding gender and age ignores within-group diversity and can have critical implications for documenting and understanding prevalence, treatment-seeking behaviors, and the potential need for gender- and age-specific treatment.
In a recent large-scale national survey, a lifetime prevalence rate of Results also showed African American women The lower prevalence of depression in African American men is interesting in light of research indicating that African American men have not made the economic gains that African American women have Bowie,as lower income and education is identified as a risk factor for depression.
For instance, Lincoln, Taylor, Watkins, and Chatter reported that African American men with less than 12 years of formal education and who have income levels below poverty had more depressive symptoms than men and women with more formal years of education and higher incomes.
However, more research is needed in this area. In the CSM, individuals have common sense beliefs and representations about illnesses that guide how they cope with health threats and illness.
A representation is a set of beliefs about the identity or symptoms, cause, timeline, consequences, control and treatment, illness coherence understanding of the illnessand emotional impact of the health threat or illness. Representations are guided by informal e.
Regardless of the source or accuracy of the information, representations influence behaviors chosen to eliminate or control the health threat or illness; these are coping responses. Studies to examine African American beliefs about mental illness and attitudes toward seeking mental health services have shown mixed results.
Several studies, including the seminal report Mental Health: Similarly, a recent qualitative study of attitudes and beliefs about mental health among older African American adults revealed that participants viewed mental illness, particularly depression, as a weakness Conner, Copeland, Grote, Koeske, et al.
In contrast to the above findings, African Americans have been found to have positive beliefs and attitudes toward seeking mental health services, but these positive beliefs and attitudes do not translate to seeking treatment.
For instance, in one study of racial differences in beliefs about how the natural course of mental illness relates to perceptions of treatment effectiveness, African Americans were more likely than Caucasians to believe that mental health professionals could help individuals with mental illness.
The belief that mental health problems can resolve on their own seemed to prevent use of mental health services as a coping strategy. Similar results were obtained in another study of racial differences in attitudes toward professional mental health care and use of services; African Americans had more positive attitudes toward seeking mental services than Caucasians, but were less likely to use services.
Having a positive attitude toward seeking mental health services did not result in use of mental health services Diala et al. The limited literature suggests preferred coping with mental illness is primarily religious. Similarly, more African Americans In a qualitative study, high use of religious coping including prayer and developing a relationship with God were found to be ways to cope with depression Conner, Copeland, Grote, Rosen, et al.about mental disorders and attitudes towards the mentally ill was carried out.
Results. While both genders are no different in their willingness to seek informal help for mental illness, women seem. Attitudes toward mental illness vary among individuals, families, ethnicities, cultures, and countries.
Cultural and religious teachings often influence beliefs about the origins and nature of mental illness, and shape attitudes towards the mentally ill. In addition to influencing whether mentally. attitude towards mental illness after a training programme stigma women face stigmatization in the area of reproduction, decreased parenting skills, breast feeding towards mental lausannecongress2018.com results of the current study was compared with that of the other.
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Published: May, Giving life two thumbs up may help you stay healthier. African American Men and Women's Attitude Toward Mental Illness, Perceptions of Stigma, and Preferred Coping Behaviors of this study was to address this research gap by examining African American's representations and beliefs about mental illness, attitudes towards seeking mental health services, preferred coping behaviors, and variance of.
on attitudes toward mental illness; (3) highlight population subgroups who strongly disagree with the statements (i.e., a vulnerable group) for each state; and (4) provide resources and strategies for targeting these groups, and combating stigma in general.