Other treatments What are nasal polyps?
Print Diagnosis Your Nasal polyps can usually make a diagnosis based on your answers to questions about your symptoms, a general physical exam and an examination of your nose.
Polyps may be visible with the aid of a simple lighted instrument. Other diagnostic tests include: A narrow tube with a lighted magnifying lens or tiny camera nasal endoscope enables your doctor to perform a detailed examination inside your nose and sinuses.
He or she inserts the endoscope into a nostril and guides it into your nasal cavity. Images obtained with computerized tomography CT can help your doctor pinpoint the size and location of polyps in deeper areas of your sinuses and evaluate the extent of inflammation.
These studies may also help your doctor rule out the presence of other possible obstructions in your nasal cavity, such as structural abnormalities or another type of cancerous or noncancerous growth.
Your doctor may suggest skin tests to determine if allergies are contributing to chronic inflammation. With a skin prick test, tiny drops of allergy-causing agents allergens are pricked into the skin of your forearm or upper back.
The drops are left on your skin for 15 minutes before your doctor or nurse observes your skin for signs of allergic reactions. Test for cystic fibrosis. If you have a child diagnosed with nasal polyps, your doctor may suggest testing for cystic fibrosis, an inherited condition affecting the glands that produce mucus, tears, sweat, saliva and digestive juices.
Treatment Endoscopic sinus surgery Endoscopic sinus surgery The upper left illustration shows the frontal A and maxillary B sinuses, as well as the ostiomeatal complex C.
In endoscopic sinus surgery middle illustrationyour doctor uses an endoscope and tiny cutting tools to open the blocked passage and restore natural drainage D.
Chronic sinusitis, with or without polyps, is a challenging condition to clear up completely. The treatment goal for nasal polyps is to reduce their size or eliminate them. Medications are usually the first approach. Surgery may sometimes be needed, but it may not provide a permanent solution because polyps tend to recur.
Medications Nasal polyp treatment usually starts with drugs, which can make even large polyps shrink or disappear. Drug treatments may include: Your doctor is likely to prescribe a corticosteroid nasal spray to reduce inflammation.
This treatment may shrink the polyps or eliminate them completely. Oral and injectable corticosteroids. Because oral corticosteroids can cause serious side effects, you usually take them only for a limited period.
Injectable corticosteroids may be used if nasal polyps are severe. Your doctor may prescribe drugs to treat conditions that contribute to chronic inflammation in your sinuses or nasal passages. These may include antihistamines to treat allergies and antibiotics to treat a chronic or recurring infection.Signs and symptoms.
Symptoms of polyps include nasal congestion, sinusitis, loss of smell, thick nasal discharge, facial pressure, nasal speech, and mouth breathing. Recurrent sinusitis can result from polyps. Long-term, nasal polyps can cause destruction of the nasal bones and widening of the nose.
Most people with nasal polyps have a runny nose, sneezing, and postnasal drip. About 75% have problems with their sense of smell. Many people also have wheezing, sinus infections, and sensitivity. Sep 26, · Nasal polyposis is an inflammatory condition of unknown etiology.
Nasal polyps are the most common tumors of the nasal cavity. Approximately 30% of patients with nasal polyps test positive for environmental allergies. Nasal polyp - Wikipedia. Nasal polyps are noncancerous growths that are caused by long-term swelling of the inside of your nose.
The swelling may be caused by allergies, or repeated nasal or sinus infections. Polyps usually occur in both sides of your nose. They can grow in size and number and cause your nasal tissue and.
Nasal polyps grow in inflamed tissue of the nasal mucosa. The mucosa is a very wet layer that helps protect the inside of your nose and sinuses and humidifies the air you breathe.