These are the names of children who have been rejected by the public schools of Canada and the USA. They are black and white, girls and boys, youth and teenagers. In common is their parent's simple dream of having their children accepted and educated in one quality school alongside their neighbors. In common is their rejection from the schools of our nations.
Inclusion is part of a much larger picture then just placement in the regular class within school.
It is being included in life and participating using one's abilities in day to day activities as a member of the community. Inclusion is being a part of what everyone else is, being welcomed and embraced as a member who belongs It is being a part of what everyone else is, and being welcomed and embraced as a member who belongs.
Inclusion can occur in schools, churches, play- grounds, work and in recreation. Human beings, regardless if they happen to have a disability or not, have basic needs that must be met in order to feel fulfilled. The basic needs of food, water and shelter are necessary for us to exist.
It's also easy to see that when you don't eat right or exercise it can adversely effect your health and capacity to function in other areas of your life. Having meaning and purpose to what you do and who you are, provides inspiration.
Feeling useless or doing things that are meaningless, decreases motivation and self-esteem. A sense of belonging, being loved, having relationships and friendships with others enriches our lives. Feelings of loneliness and alienation can have a negative impact in all areas of our lives.
Education helps meet the need to learn and grow and not remain stagnant, but as with any of our needs, if we focus on one at the expense of the others it does not maximize the overall quality of life.
When all these needs are met in an integrated way, each area adds strength in the ability to achieve fulfillment in the other areas. Inclusion is about meeting all those needs, and maximizing a person's overall quality of life.
In school, inclusion does not occur by placement in the regular class alone, rather it is a desired end-state. It must be created with proper planning, preparation and supports.
The goal of inclusion is achieved only when a child is participating in the activities of the class, as a member who belongs, with the supports and services they need.
Inclusion is "not" a trade-off of supports and services for placement in the regular class and is not a trade-off of achievement of individual goals.
No matter where a child with a disability is placed, an Individualized Education Plan IEP must be developed around the child's needs.
The IEP objectives must continue to be met in the regular class. The same applies to the related services a child needs, they must continue to be provided for in the regular settings.
The fundamental principle of inclusive education is the valuing of diversity within the human community When inclusive education is fully embraced, we abandon the idea that children have to become "normal" in order to contribute to the world We begin to look beyond typical ways of becoming valued members of the community, and in doing so, begin to realize the achievable goal of providing all children with an authentic sense of belonging.
The regular class is not looked at as how it is, but how it "can be" Inclusion in school requires a shift in the paradigm, instead of getting the child ready for the regular class, the regular class gets ready for the child. It's not a decision of zero or one hundred percent, but what ever balance that can be achieved to maximize meeting all of a child's needs.Revel for Teaching Students with Special Needs in General Education Classrooms with Loose-Leaf Version (9th Edition) (What's New in Special Education) 9th Edition.
Assistive Technology and Inclusion. Terence W. Cavanaugh Ph.D. College of Education and Human Services, University of North Florida, USA [email protected] Abstract: The student population makeup and laws concerning education, inclusion and special needs students, such as IDEA are changing the makeup, structure and design of the “standard” classroom, as teachers are today likely .
The Unique Educational Needs Of Students With Visual Impairments Position Statement I: Students with visual impairments have unique educational needs which are most effectively met using a team approach of professionals, parents and students.
What is Inclusion? Inclusion is part of a much larger picture then just placement in the regular class within school. It is being included in life and participating using one's abilities in day to day activities as a member of the community. The regular ed teacher knows the curriculum and what students are supposed to learn and do.
With input from the regular ed teacher, the team can determine what accommodations, supplementary aids and services, and modifications the child needs to learn and make lausannecongress2018.comslaw: All about IEPs. Recent research, legislation, and a court decision support the case for inclusion of special-needs students in regular classrooms.
Of the many issues related to the inclusion or integration of children with disabilities into regular classrooms, none is more important than the effects on students.