I believe there is a place for textbooks, facts, and even lectures in the history classroom. The standards movement has resulted in state standards for United States history and world history which are quite content specific, requiring students to develop higher-order understanding based on a foundation of factual knowledge. Textbooks are an important source for that content. I have worked with new teachers in recent years, and I have noticed that many really don't know what to do with a textbook.
The German-language name Deutschland is derived from a Germanic root meaning volk, or people. A document written in Latin from the Frankish court of C. From this point forward, the term deutsch was employed to mark a difference in speech, which corresponded to political, geographic, and social distinctions as well.
Since, however, the Frankish and Saxon kings of the early Middle Ages sought to characterize themselves as emperors of Rome, it does not seem valid to infer an incipient form of national consciousness.
Nevertheless, this self-designation indicates the desire of the members of the Imperial Estates to distinguish themselves from the curia in Rome, with which they were embroiled in a number of political and financial conflicts.
The area that became known as Deutschland, or Germany, had been nominally under the rule of the German king—who was usually also the Roman emperor—since the tenth century.
In fact, however, the various territories, principalities, counties, and cities enjoyed a large degree of autonomy and retained distinctive names and traditions, even after the founding of the nation-state—the Kaiserreich or German Empire—in The names of older territories—such as Bavaria, Brandenburg, and Saxony—are still kept alive in the designations of some of today's federal states.
Other older names, such as Swabia and Franconia, refer to "historical landscapes" within the modern federal states or straddling their boundaries. Regional identities such as these are of great significance for many Germans, though it is evident that they are often manipulated for political and commercial purposes as well.
At first, it consisted only of so-called West Germany, that is the areas that were occupied by British, French, and American forces. Since that time, Germany has consisted of sixteen federal states: Germany is located in north-central Europe.
It shares boundaries with nine other countries: Shortly after the unification of East and West Germany inthe Federal Republic signed a treaty with Poland, in which it renounced all claims to territories east of the boundary formed by the Oder and Neisse rivers—the de facto border since the end of World War II.
The northern part of Germany, which lies on the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, is a coastal plain of low elevation. In the east, this coastal plain extends southward for over miles kilometersbut, in the rest of the country, the central region is dotted with foothills.
Thereafter, the elevation increases fairly steadily, culminating in the Black Forest in the southwest and the Bavarian Alps in the south. Similarly, the Oder river, which marks the border with Poland, flows northward into the Baltic Sea.
The Danube has its source in the Black Forest then runs eastward, draining southern Germany and emptying eventually into the Black Sea. Germany has a temperate seasonal climate with moderate to heavy rainfall.
In accordance with modern European patterns of demographic development, Germany's population rose from about 25 million in to over 60 million indespite heavy emigration.
The population continued to rise in the first half of this century, though this trend was hindered by heavy losses in the two world wars. Inthe total population of Germany was 82 million. Of this sum, nearly 67 million lived in former West Germany, and just over 15 million lived in former East Germany.
Inthe year Germany invaded Poland, the population of what was to become West Germany was 43 million and the population of what was to become East Germany was almost 17 million.
This means that from toboth the total population and the population of West Germany have increased, while the population of East Germany has decreased. Following World War II, the population of both parts of Germany rose dramatically, due to the arrival of German refugees from the Soviet Union and from areas that are now part of Poland and the Czech Republic.
Ineight million refugees formed 16 percent of the West German population and over four million refugees formed 22 percent of the East German population.Explain the major causes for the English Reformation The English Reformation occurred for three reasons; economic gain, religious disputes, and most of all, because of King Henry VIII emotional life.
The Catholic Church in England owned much of the land and had amassed much wealth. The Best History Books of All Time Alexander: image by Ruthven The Best History Books of All Time list contains a mixture of the greatest classical, early modern and contemporary works.
Identify and account for the major causes and consequences of the Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation of was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by the actions of a group of reformers; John Wycliffe, Jan Hus, John Calvin and Martin Luther.
Martin Luther is one of the most well-known reformers as he . The Protestant Reformation And The Reformation - The Protestant Reformation, also known as the Reformation, was the 16th-century religious, governmental, scholarly and cultural upheaval that disintegrated Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era (Staff, ).
[The following is a transcription of Igor Shafarevich's The Socialist lausannecongress2018.com work was originally published in Russian in France under the title Sotsializm kak iavlenie mirovoi istorii in , by YMCA Press.
An English translation was subsequently published in by Harper & Row. Welcome to the American Perspectives Volume I eText Website for Houston Community College. Follow the instructions below to redeem the access code found in the Pearson Learning Solutions Student Access Kit that was packaged with your book.