She argues that the speaker of Sonnet 73 is comparing himself to the universe through his transition from "the physical act of aging to his final act of dying, and then to his death". Shakespeare thus compares the fading of his youth through the three elements of the universe: Barbara Estermann states that, "he is concerned with the change of light, from twilight to sunset to black night, revealing the last hours of life".
These five concepts are part of a poststructural futures toolbox. There is a strong link, of course, to other futures methods. Emerging issues analysis,  for example, at one level predicts issues outside of conventional knowledge categories but it does so by disturbing conventional categories, by making them problematic; it reorders knowledge.
For example, the notion of the "rights of robots" forces us to rethink rights, seeing them not as universal but as historical and political, as hard fought political and conceptual battles. It also forces us to rethink intelligence and sentience - posing the question what is life? Thus, a futures method such as emerging issues analysis, conventionally used to identify trends and problems in their emergent phase, should not merely be seen as a predictive method; it can also be a critical one.
A civilizational perspective From a civilizational perspective, it is crucial to explore the guiding metaphors and myths we use to envision the future.
This perspective takes a step back from the actual future to the deeper assumptions about the future being discussed, specifically the "non-rational. Believing the future is like a roll of dice is quite different from the Arab saying of the future: For the Confucian, choice and opportunity exist in the context of family and ancestors and not merely as individual decisions.
In workshops on the future outside Analysis of using the metaphors the West, conventional metaphors such as a fork in the road, the future as seen through the rearview mirror, or travelling down a rocky stream, rarely make sense. Others from Asia and the Pacific see the future as a tree organic with roots and with many choicesas a finely weaved carpet with God as the weaveras a coconut hard on the outside, soft on the inside or as being in a car with a blindfolded driver loss of control.
It takes as its starting point the assumption that there are different levels of reality and ways of knowing. Individuals, organizations and civilizations see the world from different vantage points - horizontal and vertical.
Causal layered analysis Causal layered analysis is based on the assumption that the way in which one frames a problem changes the policy solution and the actors responsible for creating transformation.
Using the works of Rick Slaughter, P. Sarkar and Oswald Spengler,  I argue that futures studies should be seen as layered, as deep and shallow. Its textured richness cannot be reduced to empirical trends. Events, issues and trends are not connected and appear discontinuous.
The result is often either a feeling of helplessness what can I do? This is the conventional level of futures research which can readily create a politics of fear.
This is the futurist as fearmonger who warns: However by believing in the prophecy and acting appropriately, the end can be averted. It is believed, rarely questioned. The second level is concerned with social causes, including economic, cultural, political and historical factors rising birthrates, lack of family planning, eg.
Interpretation is given to quantitative data. This type of analysis is usually articulated by policy institutes and published as editorial pieces in newspapers or in not-quite academic journals. This level excels at technical explanations as well as academic analysis. The role of the state and other actors and interests is often explored at this level.
The data is often questioned, however, the language of questioning does not contest the paradigm in which the issue is framed. It remains obedient to it. The task is to find deeper social, linguistic, cultural structures that are actor-invariant not dependent on who are the actors.
Discerning deeper assumptions behind the issue is crucial here as are efforts to revision the problem. At this stage, one can explore how different discourses the economic, the religious, the cultural, for example do more than cause or mediate the issue but constitute it, how the discourse we use to understand is complicit in our framing of the issue.
Based on the varied discourses, discrete alternative scenarios can be derived here. These scenarios add a horizontal dimension to our layered analysis. The foundations for how the litany has been presented and the variables used to understand the litany are questioned at this level.
The fourth layer of analysis is at the level of metaphor or myth. These are the deep stories, the collective archetypes, the unconscious, of often emotive, dimensions of the problem or the paradox seeing population as non-statistical, as community, or seeing people as creative resources, eg.
The language used is less specific, more concerned with evoking visual images, with touching the heart instead of reading the head. Causal layered analysis asks us to go beyond conventional framing of issues.
|Metaphor, Morality, and Politics||About the Author We may not always know it, but we think in metaphor.|
For instance, normal academic analysis tends to stay in the second layer with occasional forays into the third, seldom privileging the fourth layer myth and metaphor. CLA however, does not privilege a particular level. Moving up and down layers we can integrate analysis and synthesis, and horizontally we can integrate discourses, ways of knowing and worldviews, thereby increasing the richness of the analysis.
What often results are differences that can be easily captured in alternative scenarios; each scenario in itself, to some extent, can represent a different way of knowing.Case Study Analysis Using Metaphors Goal: Create a case study analysis based on two scholarly studies that utilize metaphors (Morgan’s, or similar) to describe the functionality of organizations.
Abstract: The analysis of metaphors is a classical research theme in linguistics, but has received very little attention in psychological research so far. Metaphor analysis—as conceptualized in cognitive linguistics—is proposed here as a qualitative method for psychological research for several.
A rhetorical analysis can be written about other texts, television shows, films, collections of artwork, or a variety of other communicative mediums that attempt to make a statement to an intended audience.
In order to write a rhetorical analysis, you need to be able to determine how the creator of. Case Study Analysis Using Metaphors. Order Description. Goal: Create a case study analysis based on two scholarly studies that utilize metaphors (Morgan?s, or similar) to describe the functionality of .
Analysis "Metaphors" is a very short poem from Plath announces that she is a riddle in nine syllables, and then uses a multitude of seemingly unrelated metaphors to describe herself. However, it is clear upon inspection that she is describing a state of pregnancy. The nine lines correspond to the nine months of pregnancy, and each line.
Analysis of using the metaphors The Ultrapower has practiced the brain metaphor in its management. In fact, building a learning organization is the goal of the Ultrapower.