Background[ edit ] fire insurance valuation for white-only Hockessin Public School No. The unusual status of Gebhart arose in large part because of Delaware's unique legal and historical position. At the time of the litigation, Delaware was one of 17 states with a segregated school system.
History - Brown v. Board of Education Re-enactment The Plessy Decision Although the Declaration of Independence stated that "All men are created equal," due to the institution of slavery, this statement was not to be grounded in law in the United States until after the Civil War and, arguably, not completely fulfilled for many years thereafter.
Inthe Thirteenth Amendment was ratified and finally put an end to slavery. Moreover, the Fourteenth Amendment strengthened the legal rights of newly freed slaves by stating, among other things, that no state shall deprive anyone of either "due process of law" or of the "equal protection of the law.
Despite these Amendments, African Americans were often treated differently than whites in many parts of the country, especially in the South.
In fact, many state legislatures enacted laws that led to the legally mandated segregation of the races.
In other words, the laws of many states decreed that blacks and whites could not use the same public facilities, ride the same buses, attend the same schools, etc. These laws came to be known as Jim Crow laws. Inan African-American man named Homer Plessy refused to give up his seat to a white man on a train in New Orleans, as he was required to do by Louisiana state law.
For this action he was arrested.
Plessy, contending that the Louisiana law separating blacks from whites on trains violated the "equal protection clause" of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution, decided to fight his arrest in court.
Byhis case had made it all the way to the United States Supreme Court. By a vote ofthe Supreme Court ruled against Plessy. In the case of Plessy v.
Ferguson, Justice Henry Billings Brown, writing the majority opinion, stated that: If one race be inferior to the other socially, the Constitution of the United States cannot put them upon the same plane. Sadly, as a result of the Plessy decision, in the early twentieth century the Supreme Court continued to uphold the legality of Jim Crow laws and other forms of racial discrimination.
In the case of Cumming v. County Board of Educationfor instance, the Court refused to issue an injunction preventing a school board from spending tax money on a white high school when the same school board voted to close down a black high school for financial reasons. Moreover, in Gong Lum v. The Road to Brown Note: Some of the case information is from Patterson, James T.Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas was a landmark Supreme Court case that overturned the 'separate but equal' approach to public schooling.
Segregated schools, as well as public restrooms. United States Supreme Court BROWN v. BOARD OF EDUCATION, () No. 1 Argued: Decided: May 31, 1. Racial discrimination in public education is unconstitutional, U.S.
, , and all provisions of federal, state or local law requiring or permitting such discrimination must yield to . Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas was a landmark Supreme Court case that overturned the 'separate but equal' approach to public schooling.
Segregated schools, as well as public restrooms. On May 17, , U.S. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling in the landmark civil rights case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. State-sanctioned segregation of public schools was a violation of the 14th amendment and was therefore unconstitutional.
May 02, · Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional.
In Brown v. Board of Education (), the Supreme Court a.
ruled that school segregation was inherently unequal. b. enunciated the principle of equal but separate. c. ruled that the visible signs of education were substantially equal between Black schools and White ones. .