Yet Sophocles was not content to write tragedies exactly as Aeschylus had done. Tradition reports that Sophocles introduced several innovations in the staging of Greek drama, such as the use of a third actor, scene painting, and a slightly larger chorus. The real contribution of Sophocles, however, was in his approach to plot and character.
Throughout this mythic story of patricide and incest, Sophocles emphasizes the irony of a man determined to track down, expose, and punish an assassin, who turns out to be himself. As the play opens, the citizens of Thebes beg their king, Oedipus, to lift the plague that threatens to destroy the city.
Oedipus has already sent his brother-in-law, Creon, to the oracle to learn what to do.
On his return, Creon announces that the oracle instructs them to find the murderer of Laius, the king who ruled Thebes before Oedipus. The discovery and punishment of the murderer will end the plague. At once, Oedipus sets about to solve the murder.
Summoned by the king, the blind prophet Tiresias at first refuses to speak, but finally accuses Oedipus himself of killing Laius. Oedipus mocks and rejects the prophet angrily, ordering him to leave, but not before Tiresias hints darkly of an incestuous marriage and a future of blindness, infamy, and wandering.
Oedipus attempts to gain advice from Jocasta, the queen; she encourages him to ignore prophecies, explaining that a prophet once told her that Laius, her husband, would die at the hands of their son. According to Jocasta, the prophecy did not come true because the baby died, abandoned, and Laius himself was killed by a band of robbers at a crossroads.
To learn the truth, Oedipus sends for the only living witness to the murder, a shepherd.
Another worry haunts Oedipus. As a young man, he learned from an oracle that he was fated to kill his father and marry his mother.
Fear of the prophecy drove him from his home in Corinth and brought him ultimately to Thebes. Again, Jocasta advises him not to worry about prophecies.
Jocasta rejoices — surely this is proof that the prophecy Oedipus heard is worthless.
Still, Oedipus worries about fulfilling the prophecy with his mother, Merope, a concern Jocasta dismisses. Overhearing, the messenger offers what he believes will be cheering news.
In fact, the messenger himself gave Oedipus to the royal couple when a shepherd offered him an abandoned baby from the house of Laius.
Oedipus becomes determined to track down the shepherd and learn the truth of his birth. Suddenly terrified, Jocasta begs him to stop, and then runs off to the palace, wild with grief.
Confident that the worst he can hear is a tale of his lowly birth, Oedipus eagerly awaits the shepherd. At first the shepherd refuses to speak, but under threat of death he tells what he knows — Oedipus is actually the son of Laius and Jocasta. And so, despite his precautions, the prophecy that Oedipus dreaded has actually come true.
Realizing that he has killed his father and married his mother, Oedipus is agonized by his fate. Rushing into the palace, Oedipus finds that the queen has killed herself. Tortured, frenzied, Oedipus takes the pins from her gown and rakes out his eyes, so that he can no longer look upon the misery he has caused.Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus Rex Aristotle is the most influential philosopher in the history of Western thought.
A Greek drama by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, was praised in the Poetics of Aristotle as the model for classical tragedy and is still considered a principal example of the genre. Sophocles's immortal and mythical play, Oedipus Rex is believed to be one of the best classical examples of tragedy.
Aristotle's theorizings in the Poetics were modelled on the tragedy of Oedipus. Antigone Quotes - Famous quotations from the play.; The Ethics of Antigone - An examination of the ethical questions posed by the play.; The Legend of Antigone - A summary of events leading up to the play.; The Structure and Plot of Antigone - A plot synopsis of the play and analysis of basic Greek tragic structure.; Ajax - Summary and analysis of the play by Sophocles.
Analysis of Oedipus the King Essays; The Greek drama Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles, is regarded as one of the most perfect tragedies ever written. The tragedy Oedipus the King is highly esteemed partly due to its use of dramatic irony.
Sophocles' Oedipus the King is a tragedy in which fate is the culprit in destroying . Moderation / Criticism / Exposition / Exposés David Aaronovitch. Catholics try, rather unconvincingly, to show how conferring sainthood is different in principle to the pagan apotheosis (the process that made Claudius, for instance, into a God), but the distinction doesn't quite wash.
. ANALYSIS OF SOPHOCLES’ OEDIPUS THE KING AS AN ARISTOTELIAN TRAGEDY Sinde KURT INTRODUCTION Aristotle, one of the most important philosophers of Ancient Greek philosophy and intellectual history, is a significant scholar who conducted studies on logic, astronomy, zoology, biology, physics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics, and .